voidsec2022-03-10T14:42:04+01:00With this blog post I’d like to sum up my year-long Windows Drivers research; share and detail my own methodology for reverse engineering (WDM) Windows drivers, finding some possible vulnerable code paths as well as understanding their exploitability. I've tried to make it as "noob-friendly" as possible, documenting all the steps I usually perform during my research and including a bonus exercise for the readers.
Setting up the lab
While in the past, setting up a lab for kernel debugging was a...
Merry Hackmas: multiple vulnerabilities in MSI’s products
voidsec2022-02-02T16:34:48+01:00This blog post serves as an advisory for a couple of MSI’s products that are affected by multiple high-severity vulnerabilities in the driver components they are shipped with.
All the vulnerabilities are triggered by sending specific IOCTL requests and will allow to:
Directly interact with physical memory via the MmMapIoSpace function call, mapping physical memory into a virtual address user-space.
Read/write Model-Specific Registers (MSRs) via the __readmsr/__writemsr functions calls.
Read/write 1/2/4 bytes to or from an IO port.
An attacker could exploit...
voidsec2022-01-14T08:55:49+01:00As part of my continuous security research journey, during this year I’ve spent a good amount of time reverse-engineering Windows drivers and exploiting kernel-mode related vulnerabilities.
While in the past there were (as far as I know), at least two good IDA plugins aiding in the reverse engineering process:
DriverBuddy of NCC Group.
win_driver_plugin of F-Secure.
unfortunately, nowadays, they are both rusty, out of date and broken on the latest version of IDA. They relied on external dependencies, were lacking documentation and...
Crucial Ballistix MOD Utility is a software product that can be used to customize and control gaming systems, specifically LED colours and patterns, memory, temperature, and overclock.
During my vulnerability research, I’ve discovered that this software utilizes a driver, MODAPI.sys, containing multiple vulnerabilities and allowing an attacker to achieve local privilege escalation from a low privileged user to NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM.
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Crucial’s MOD Utility LPE” that I have written for Yarix on YLabs.
Root Cause Analysis of a Printer’s Drivers Vulnerability CVE-2021-3438
voidsec2022-01-14T08:58:25+01:00Last week SentinelOne disclosed a "high severity" flaw in HP, Samsung, and Xerox printer's drivers (CVE-2021-3438); the blog post highlighted a vulnerable strncpy operation with a user-controllable size parameter but it did not explain the reverse engineering nor the exploitation phase of the issue. With this blog post, I would like to analyse the vulnerability and its exploitability.
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Root Cause Analysis of a Printer's Driver Vulnerability” that I have written for...
voidsec2022-01-14T08:58:33+01:00At the beginning of the month, Sentinel One disclosed five high severity vulnerabilities in Dell’s firmware update driver.
As the described vulnerability appeared not too complicated to exploit, a lot of fellow security researchers started weaponizing it. I was one of, if not the first tweeting about weaponizing it into a _SEP_TOKEN_PRIVILEGES overwrite exploit, and with this blog post I would like to write down my thoughts process when dealing with n-day exploit writing. It’s a didactic blog post but keep...
voidsec2022-01-14T09:00:18+01:00Last month we (last & VoidSec) took the amazing Windows Kernel Exploitation Advanced course from Ashfaq Ansari (@HackSysTeam) at NULLCON. The course was very interesting and covered core kernel space concepts as well as advanced mitigation bypasses and exploitation. There was also a nice CTF and its last exercise was: “Write an exploit for System Mechanics”; no further hints were given.
We took the challenge as that was a good time to test our newly acquired knowledge and understanding of the...
CVE-2020-1337 – PrintDemon is dead, long live PrintDemon!
voidsec2022-01-14T09:05:26+01:00Banner Image by Sergio Kalisiak
TL; DR: I will explain, in details, how to trigger PrintDemon exploit and dissect how I’ve discovered a new 0-day; Microsoft Windows EoP CVE-2020-1337, a bypass of PrintDemon’s recent patch via a Junction Directory (TOCTOU).
After Yarden Shafir’s & Alex Ionescu’s posts (PrintDemon, FaxHell) and their call to action, I’ve started diving into the PrintDemon exploit. PrintDemon is the catching name for Microsoft CVE-2020-1048: Windows Print Spooler Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability which is affecting (according to Microsoft),...
Windows Kernel Debugging & Exploitation Part1 – Setting up the lab
voidsec2022-01-14T09:12:40+01:00Recently I was thrilled with the opportunity to build a PoC for ms-14-066 vulnerability aka “winshock” (CVE-2014-6321). While that will be material for another blog post, in order to debug the vulnerability, I had to set up a lab with windows kernel mode debugging enabled. So, without any further ado, here my setup and the steps used in order to enable Windows Kernel Debug.
Host system: Windows 10 with VMware Workstation 15.1.0 (build-13591040)
Windows 7 x86 ultimate sp1 (debugger)