Blog

State of Industrial Control Systems (ICS) in Italy

Industrial Control System, what are they? TL;DR: In a nutshell, Industrial control systems (ICS) are “computers” (PLC) that control the world around you. They're responsible for managing the air conditioning in your office, the turbines at a power plant, the lighting at the theatre or the robots at a factory Industrial Control System (ICS) is a general term used to describe several types of control systems and associated instrumentation used for industrial process control. Such systems can range from a few modular...

Announcing ECG’s Closed Beta

After a lot of effort and a long month of alpha testing, today I’m proud to announce the launch of ECG’s closed beta. What is ECG? (tl;dr) ECG is a TCL static source code analysis tool. It is the first commercial solution able to detect real and complex security vulnerabilities in TCL/ADP source-code. Want to know more about ECG? Visit ECG's main website! What is TCL? TCL is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. It was designed with the goal of being very...

Rubyzip insecure ZIP handling & Metasploit RCE (CVE-2019-5624)

This is a re-posting of the original article "On insecure zip handling, Rubyzip and Metasploit RCE (CVE-2019-5624)" that I have wrote on Doyensec During one of our projects we had the opportunity to audit a Ruby-on-Rails (RoR) web application handling zip files using the Rubyzip gem. Zip files have always been an interesting entrypoint to triggering multiple vulnerability types, including path traversals and symlink file overwrite attacks. As the library under testing had symlink processing disabled, we focused on path...

A Drone Tale

During the previous months I've been a speaker for various international conferences: Hackinbo (Italy, 26-27 May), Sec-T (Stockholm, 13-14 September) and Hacktivity (Budapest, 12-13 October) with a talk named: "A Drone Tale: All Your Drones Belongs To Us". A talk where I detailed analysed the DJI Phantom 3 model’s architecture , its attack vectors, reverse-engineered the SDK and the network protocol. I also had a specific focus section on Drones Forensics Artefacts Analysis and Methodology. Here you can find and download...

Telegram Secret Chat Bug

For whom is following me on Twitter this is not a news, yesterday I was complaining about a Telegram “Feature” in the secret chat context, while for whom doesn’t this should serve as a write-up of the bug that I have discovered (The bug is nothing fancy but something I think people should, at least, know). Telegram Secret Chat If you are not practical with the concept of Telegram’s Secret Chat: “Secret chats are meant for people who want more secrecy than...

Instrumenting Electron Apps for Security Testing

This is a re-posting of the original article "Instrumenting Electron Apps for Security Testing" that I have wrote on Doyensec What is Electron? The Electron Framework is used to develop multi-platform desktop applications with nothing more than HTML, JavaScript and CSS. It was initially developed for GitHub's Atom editor and since then it was used to create applications like Discord, Ghost, GitHub, Skype, Slack, Wire and a lot more. While for the traditional desktop application various security techniques exists in order to...

GraphQL – Security Overview and Testing Tips

This is a re-posting of the original article "GraphQL - Security Overview and Testing Tips" that I have wrote on Doyensec With the increasing popularity of GraphQL technology we are summarizing some documentation and tips about common security mistakes. What is GraphQL? GraphQL is a data query language developed by Facebook and publicly released in 2015. It is an alternative to REST API. Even if you don’t see any GraphQL out there, it is likely you’re already using it since it’s running on...

VPN Leak

(Edited on 06/04: in order to reflect the actual situation) TL:DR: VPN leaks users’ IPs via WebRTC. I’ve tested hundred VPN and Proxy providers and 19 of them leaks users’ IPs via WebRTC (16%) You can check if your VPN leaks visiting: http://ip.voidsec.com Here you can find the complete list of the VPN providers that I’ve tested: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Nm7mxfFvmdn-3Az-BtE5O0BIdbJiIAWUnkoAF_v_0ug/edit#gid=0 Add a comment or send me a tweet if you have updated results for any of the VPN which I am missing details....

Uncommon Phishing and Social Engineering Techniques

Sorry if you didn’t hear anything from me for a while but it was a very busy year and the new incoming one will bring a lot of news for me and for the voidsec project, I will speak about it soon in a new blog post. Today I will like to write about some uncommon techniques that I’ve used during social engineering and phishing campaign. Maybe they are not overpowered but they can be pretty useful. Behind the Scene All of...

Analysis of the Joomla RCE (CVE-2015-8562)

Recently, during a penetration test I have found a vulnerable installation of the Joomla CMS. Yes, I already know that this vulnerability is quite old and that there is a ready to use Metasploit module but here is the catch: the module and other scripts available on internet weren’t working against my environment, furthermore, during the last year a lot of new vulnerabilities rely on the PHP Object Injection and Serialize/Unserialize. That's the reason why I thought it was a...