OffSec EXP-401 Advanced Windows Exploitation (AWE) – Course Review

In November of last year, I took the OffSec EXP-401 Advanced Windows Exploitation class (AWE) at Black Hat MEA. While most of the blog posts out of there focus on providing an OSEE exam review, this blog post aims to be a day-by-day review of the AWE course content.

OffSec Exp-401 (AWE)

During the first day of AWE, the instructors shared with us the following slide: That’s to explain the “difficulty” of the course for each day. Needless to say, your mileage may...

SLAE – Assignment #7: Custom Shellcode Crypter

Assignment #7: Custom Shellcode Crypter

Seventh and last SLAE’s assignment requires to create a custom shellcode crypter. Since I had to implement an entire encryption schema both in python as an helper and in assembly as the main decryption routine, I've opted for something simple. I've chosen the Tiny Encryption Algorithm (TEA) as it does not require large IV or SBOX initialization vectors (adding a huge overhead to my shellcode's decoding routine), because it's tiny and not too...

SLAE – Assignment #6: Polymorphic Shellcode

Assignment #6: Polymorphic Shellcode

Sixth SLAE’s assignment requires to create three different (polymorphic) shellcodes version starting from published Shell Storm's examples. I've decided to take this three in exam: - linux/x86 execve ("/bin/sh") - 21 bytes - linux/x86 setuid(0) + chmod("/etc/shadow",0666) - 37 bytes - linux/x86 open cd-rom loop (follows "/dev/cdrom" symlink) - 39 bytes As always, all the code is also available on GitHub. Stay updated, join...

SLAE – Assignment #5: Metasploit Shellcode Analysis

Assignment #5: Metasploit Shellcode Analysis

Fifth SLAE’s assignment requires to dissect and analyse three different Linux x86 Metasploit Payload. Metasploit currently has 35 different payloads but almost half of it are Meterpreter version, thus meaning staged payloads. I’ve then decided to skip meterpreter payloads as they involve multiple stages and higher complexity that will break libemu graph generation (which I find very useful to better explain shellcode’s operations). In this blog we are going to analyse the following shellcodes: linux/x86/shell_find_tag linux/x86/shell_find_port linux/x86/shell/bind_nonx_tcp As always,...

SLAE – Assignment #4: Custom shellcode encoder

Assignment #4: Custom Shellcode Encoder

As the 4th SLAE’s assignment I was required to build a custom shellcode encoder for the execve payload, which I did, here how. Stay updated, join VoidSec's Telegram Channel:

Encoder Implementations

I’ve decided to not relay on XORing functionalities as most antivirus solutions are now well aware of this encoding schema, the same reason for which I’ve skipped ROT13 and other “rotating” encoding. I thought of using some multiple weird shifting schema but that...

SLAE – Assignment #3: Egghunter

Assignment #3: Egghunter

This time the assignment was very interesting, here the requirements: study an egg hunting shellcode and create a working demo, it should be configurable for different payloads. As many before me, I’ve started my research journey with Skape’s papers: “Searching Process Virtual Address Space”. I was honestly amazed by the paper content, it’s not only very well written and explained but it ‘s mind-blowing. Understanding why and how egg hunter shellcode should be crafted in such tailored way...

SLAE – Assignment #2: Reverse TCP Shell

Assignment #2: Reverse TCP Shell

Create a shell_reverse_tcp shellcode that connects back to an IP address, on a specific a port and execute a shell. The IP address and port number should be easy configurable. Again, instead of going for the path of writing a C TCP reverse shell from scratch, I decided to generate a raw Metasploit payload and analyze it with libemu.

Analyzing the Shellcode

All the code is also available on GitHub. This time the analysis will be a lot shorter...

SLAE – Assignment #1: Bind TCP Shell

Before attending the Corelan training and the OSCE certification, I’ve decided to start the x86 Assembly Language and Shellcoding on Linux Pentester Academy’s course. The next couple blogs (~7) will contains the assignments’ solutions for the SLAE certification exam.

Assignment #1: Bind TCP Shell

Create a shell_bind_tcp shellcode that binds to a port and execute a shell on an incoming connection, the port number should be easy to configure. Instead of going for the path of writing a C bind...