voidsec2024-02-21T19:05:47+01:00Recently, a threat actor (TA) known as SpyBot posted a tool, on a Russian hacking forum, that can terminate any antivirus/Endpoint Detection & Response (EDR/XDR) software. IMHO, all the hype behind this announcement was utterly unjustified as it is just another instance of the well-known Bring Your Own Vulnerable Driver (BYOVD) attack technique: where a legitimate signed driver is dropped on victims’ machine and later used to disable security solutions and/or deliver additional payloads.
This technique requires administrative privileges and User...
voidsec2023-06-14T18:11:22+02:00With this blog post I’d like to sum up my year-long Windows Drivers research; share and detail my own methodology for reverse engineering (WDM) Windows drivers, finding some possible vulnerable code paths as well as understanding their exploitability. I've tried to make it as "noob-friendly" as possible, documenting all the steps I usually perform during my research and including a bonus exercise for the readers.
Setting up the lab
While in the past, setting up a lab for kernel debugging was a...
Merry Hackmas: multiple vulnerabilities in MSI’s products
voidsec2023-06-14T18:03:34+02:00This blog post serves as an advisory for a couple of MSI’s products that are affected by multiple high-severity vulnerabilities in the driver components they are shipped with.
All the vulnerabilities are triggered by sending specific IOCTL requests and will allow to:
Directly interact with physical memory via the MmMapIoSpace function call, mapping physical memory into a virtual address user-space.
Read/write Model-Specific Registers (MSRs) via the __readmsr/__writemsr functions calls.
Read/write 1/2/4 bytes to or from an IO port.
An attacker could exploit...
voidsec2022-01-14T08:55:49+01:00As part of my continuous security research journey, during this year I’ve spent a good amount of time reverse-engineering Windows drivers and exploiting kernel-mode related vulnerabilities.
While in the past there were (as far as I know), at least two good IDA plugins aiding in the reverse engineering process:
DriverBuddy of NCC Group.
win_driver_plugin of F-Secure.
unfortunately, nowadays, they are both rusty, out of date and broken on the latest version of IDA. They relied on external dependencies, were lacking documentation and...
Crucial Ballistix MOD Utility is a software product that can be used to customize and control gaming systems, specifically LED colours and patterns, memory, temperature, and overclock.
During my vulnerability research, I’ve discovered that this software utilizes a driver, MODAPI.sys, containing multiple vulnerabilities and allowing an attacker to achieve local privilege escalation from a low privileged user to NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM.
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Crucial’s MOD Utility LPE” that I have written for Yarix on YLabs.
Root Cause Analysis of a Printer’s Drivers Vulnerability CVE-2021-3438
voidsec2022-01-14T08:58:25+01:00Last week SentinelOne disclosed a "high severity" flaw in HP, Samsung, and Xerox printer's drivers (CVE-2021-3438); the blog post highlighted a vulnerable strncpy operation with a user-controllable size parameter but it did not explain the reverse engineering nor the exploitation phase of the issue. With this blog post, I would like to analyse the vulnerability and its exploitability.
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Root Cause Analysis of a Printer's Driver Vulnerability” that I have written for...
voidsec2022-01-14T08:58:33+01:00At the beginning of the month, Sentinel One disclosed five high severity vulnerabilities in Dell’s firmware update driver.
As the described vulnerability appeared not too complicated to exploit, a lot of fellow security researchers started weaponizing it. I was one of, if not the first tweeting about weaponizing it into a _SEP_TOKEN_PRIVILEGES overwrite exploit, and with this blog post I would like to write down my thoughts process when dealing with n-day exploit writing. It’s a didactic blog post but keep...
voidsec2022-01-14T08:59:18+01:00NVIDIA GeForce Experience (GFE) v.<= 3.21 is affected by an Arbitrary File Write vulnerability in the GameStream/ShadowPlay plugins, where log files are created using NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM level permissions, which lead to Command Execution and Elevation of Privileges (EoP).
NVIDIA Security Bulletin – April 2021
NVIDIA Acknowledgements Page
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Chaining Bugs: CVE‑2021‑1079 - NVIDIA GeForce Experience (GFE) Command Execution” that I have written for Yarix on YLabs.
Some time ago I was looking for...
voidsec2022-01-14T09:00:18+01:00Last month we (last & VoidSec) took the amazing Windows Kernel Exploitation Advanced course from Ashfaq Ansari (@HackSysTeam) at NULLCON. The course was very interesting and covered core kernel space concepts as well as advanced mitigation bypasses and exploitation. There was also a nice CTF and its last exercise was: “Write an exploit for System Mechanics”; no further hints were given.
We took the challenge as that was a good time to test our newly acquired knowledge and understanding of the...
This blog post is a re-post of the original article “Fuzzing: FastStone Image Viewer & CVE-2021-26236” that I have written for Yarix on YLabs.
In my precedent blog post I’ve introduced “fuzzing” from a theoretical point of view. As I’ve previously anticipated, today I’m going to disclose the fuzzing methodology, process and samples that led me to discover five different vulnerabilities in FastStone Image Viewer v.<=7.5. I’ll also go over the root cause analysis of CVE-2021-26236 and how to achieve Arbitrary...